Bibliography of Foundational Research

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These papers provide an overview of the factors that influence public perception and opinion on science issues, as well as the implications for effective outreach on the part of scientists.

  • Brossard, D., & Lewenstein, B. V. (2009). A critical appraisal of models of public understanding of science. Communicating Science: New Agendas in Communication. New York: Taylor and Francis, 11-39.
  • Nisbet, M. C., & Scheufele, D. A. (2009). What’s next for science communication? Promising directions and lingering distractions. American Journal of Botany, 96 (10), 1767-1778.
  • Scheufele, D. A. (2014). Science communication as political communication. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (Supplement 4), 13585-13592. DOI



These papers provide an overview of the role of training programs in improving scientists’ communication skills. The papers examine the implications of training programs both from the perspective of trainers as well as scientists.

  • Besley, J. C., Dudo, A. D., Yuan, S., & Abi Ghannam, N. (2016). Qualitative interviews with science communication trainers about communication objectives and goals. Science Communication, 38 (3), 356-381.DOI: 10.1177/1075547016645640
  • Davies, S. R. (2008). Constructing communication: Talking to scientists about talking to the public. Science Communication, 29 (4), 413-434. DOI: 10.1177/1075547008316222
  • Miller, S., Fahy, D., & ESConet Team. (2009). Can science communication workshops train scientists for reflexive public engagement? The ESConet experience. Science Communication, 31 (1), 116-126. DOI: 10.1177/1075547009339048
  • Trench, B., & Miller, S. (2012). Policies and practices in supporting scientists’ public communication through training. Science and Public Policy, 39 (6), 722-731. DOI:10.1093/scipol/scs090



These papers relate to empirical measurement of scientists’ effectiveness in communicating across various media and contexts. 

  • Baram-Tsabari, A., & Lewenstein, B. V. (2013). An instrument for assessing scientists’ written skills in public communication of science. Science Communication, 35 (1), 56-85. DOI: 10.1177/1075547012440634
  • Bylund, C. L., Brown, R. F., di Ciccone, B. L., Levin, T. T., Gueguen, J. A., Hill, C., & Kissane, D. W. (2008). Training faculty to facilitate communication skills training: Development and evaluation of a workshop. Patient Education and Counseling, 70 (3), 430-436. DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2007.11.024
  • Sevian, H., & Gonsalves, L. (2008). Analysing how scientists explain their research: A rubric for measuring the effectiveness of scientific explanations. International Journal of Science Education, 30 (11), 1441-1467. DOI: 10.1080/09500690802267579
  • Sharon, A. J., & Baram-Tsabari, A. (2014). Measuring mumbo jumbo: A preliminary quantification of the use of jargon in science communication. Public Understanding of Science, 23 (5), 528-546. DOI: 10.1177/0963662512469916



These papers provide an overview of the role of social media, specifically Twitter, in science communication. The papers discuss best practices in using Twitter and how Twitter may be integrated into training programs. 

  • Bik, H. M., & Goldstein, M. C. (2013). An introduction to social media for scientists. PLoS biology, 11 (4), e1001535. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001535
  • Hundey, E. J., Olker, J. H., Carreira, C., Daigle, R. M., Elgin, A. K., Finiguerra, M., Gownaris, N. J., Hayes, N., Heffner, L., Razavi, N.R., Shirey, P. D., Tolar, B. B., & Wood-Charlson, E. M. (2016). A shifting tide: Recommendations for incorporating science communication into graduate training. Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin, 25 (4), 109-116. DOI: 10.1002/lob.10151 
  • Parsons, E. C. M., Shiffman, D. S., Darling, E. S., Spillman, N., & Wright, A. J. (2014). How Twitter literacy can benefit conservation scientists. Conservation Biology, 28 (2), 299-301. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12226
  • Veletsianos, G. (2012). Higher education scholars’ participation and practices on Twitter. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 28 (4), 336-349. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2729.2011.00449.x